US Dept of Education Mandates Access to Sports
Washington DC, Jan., 2013 by Arne Duncan, US Secretary of Education:
to Students with Disabilities
Playing sports at any levelóclub, intramural, or interscholasticócan be a key part of the school experience and have an immense and lasting impact on a studentís life.
Nicolai calabria, No. 13 above, was born without a right leg and hip, but has been playing soccer all his life. Even before today's ruling by the Department of Education, Nicolai was playing on his high school varsity soccer team.
The video of one of his scores went viral on YouTube. Today's ruling will give thousands of other student adaptive athletes the right to compete. Photo @ Carl Calabria
Among its many benefits, participation in extracurricular athletic activities promotes socialization, the development of leadership skills, focus, and, of course, physical fitness.
Itís no secret that sports helped to shape my life. From a very early age, playing basketball taught me valuable lessons about grit, discipline, and teamwork that are still with me to this day.
Students with disabilities are no different Ė like their peers without disabilities, these students benefit from participating in sports.
But unfortunately, we know that students with disabilities are all too often denied the chance to participate and with it, the respect that comes with inclusion.
This is simply wrong.
While itís the coachís job to pick the best team, students with disabilities must be judged based on their individual abilities, and not excluded because of generalizations, assumptions, prejudices, or stereotypes.
Knowledgeable adults create the possibilities of participation among children and youth both with and without disabilities.
Today, EDís Office for Civil Rights has released guidance that clarifies existing legal obligations of schools to provide students with disabilities an equal opportunity to participate alongside their peers in after-school athletics and clubs.
We make clear that schools may not exclude students who have an intellectual, developmental, physical, or any other disability from trying out and playing on a team, if they are otherwise qualified.
This guidance builds on a resource document the Department issued in 2011 that provides important information on improving opportunities for children and youth with disabilities to access PE and athletics.
Federal civil rights laws require schools to provide equal opportunities, not give anyone an unfair head start. So schools donít have to change the essential rules of the game, and they donít have to do anything that would provide a student with a disability an unfair competitive advantage.
But they do need to make reasonable modifications (such as using a laser instead of a starter pistol to start a race so a deaf runner can compete) to ensure that students with disabilities get the very same opportunity to play as everyone else.
The guidance issued today will help schools meet this obligation and will allow increasing numbers of kids with disabilities the chance to benefit from playing sports.
Arne Duncan, U.S. Secretary of Education